Captain William Caldwell (1750-1822) was born in Ireland and immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1773. He was commissioned a captain in Butler’s Rangers at Fort Niagara by founder Colonel John Butler in 1777. In 1778, he participated in the Battle of Wyoming Valley (Pennsylvania) and led the attack on German Flatts in the Mohawk Valley (New York). Thereafter, Caldwell’s company was garrisoned at Fort Detroit, where he eventually led his rangers in several raids/expeditions against the American settlements in Ohio and Kentucky during 1782, including Crawford’s Expedition in Ohio, Bryan’s Station and the Battle of Blue Licks in Kentucky. After the war, Crawford helped former Loyalists settle in Canada across the river from Detroit in the area that became Amherstburg, where he was involved as a merchant, and civic affairs. As a lieutenant colonel, he raised a unit named Caldwell’s Rangers in the War of 1812 and was appointed Indian Superintendent of the Western District.
The recreated Caldwell’s company has members in Michigan and Ohio. The unit also does a 60th Regiment of Foot/2nd Battalion impression.